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EARLY MUSLIM SCHOLARS' CONTRIBUTIONS - AL BALKHI

Session 4 - Abu Zayd Al-Balkhi

Session 4 - Abu Zayd Al-Balkhi

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KEY POINTS

a. Al Balkhi, like all early scholars, was a polymath (physician, geographer, language,

    poet, musician, philosopher)

b. He wrote the sustenance of body and soul- written in simple manner

c. Distinguished between psychoses and neuroses

d. Treatment distinction of medical and psychology

e. Use of terminology client or brother/sister – positive psychology approach

f. He was first to come up with Anxiety and Mood disorders

g. Body and soul interaction- psychosomatic disorders – first to describe this

h. Ishtibaq (interlocked) relationship of body and soul

i. Mental hygiene – for preventative measures

j. First to talk about positive psychology

k. Phobias – exposure and response prevention

l. Treatment for anger:

m. Endogenous and exogenous depression

n. 3 forms of sadness

        i. normal sadness

       ii. sadness and depression caused by a life incident. (Reactive depression)

o. Psychological disorders can be used to treat other disorders

MEDIA GALLERY

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THIS SESSION'S READING

Source: Sustenance of the Soul - Abu Zayd Al-Balkhi

Dr. Malik Badri

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